Born in 1661, King Charles II of Spain was the last Habsburg ruler of the country. He was born with an elongated head and a jaw that later came to be known as “Habsburg jaw.”. In 1675, after attaining majority, Charles, under the influence of his half-brother, Juan José, who had returned from exile, adopted the old rule of force by arms. [1], König Philipp II. Before the signing of the treaties, the Spanish Crown had already declared bankruptcy and had reduced Spain’s military. The actions of Louis heightened the fears of the English, the Dutch and the Austrians, among others. Este defecto genético se debió probablemente a la política matrimonial de los Austrias. Maria Theresa of Spain was born on September 10, 1638, at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, Spain, to King Philip IV and Elisabeth of France. As the American historians Will and Ariel Durant put it, Charles II was "short, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before thirty-five, he was always on the verge of death, but repeatedly baffled Christendom by continuing to live. The front rows of his teeth could not meet, making it quite difficult for him to eat or speak. Über ihre älteste Schwester Eleonore Magdalene Therese von der Pfalz war sie die Schwägerin von Kaiser Leopold I. Moreover, Charles’s first wife, Marie Louise, passed away in 1689, followed by his mother in 1696. For hundreds of years, the Habsburgs were one of the most powerful families in all of Europe. John Langdon-Davies summarized the truth: “We are dealing with a man who died of poison two hundred years before he was born. Karl II., genannt El Hechizado, der Verhexte, (* 6. Charles II of Spainwas born on month day1661, at birth place, to Philip IV of Spainand Mariana Of Spain (born Of Austria). Su gobierno quedó ensombrecido por la lucha política contra sus adversarios y la dramática situación de la Monarquía hispánica, obligada a ceder el Franco Condado a Francia mediante la Paz de Nimega en 1679. Although the peace Treaty of Lisbon with Portugal in 1668 ceded the North African enclave of Ceuta to Spain, it was little solace for the loss of Portugal and the Portuguese colonies by Philip IV to the Duke of Braganza's successful revolt against more than 60 years of Habsburg rule. James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625), the only child of Mary, Queen of Scots, was King of Scots from 1567 and King of England and Ireland from 1603, being the first monarch of the House of Stuart to rule all three countries. When Charles II died in 1700, the line of the Spanish Habsburgs died with him. bestimmte nunmehr weitgehend die Politik und bemühte sich um die Reorganisation der Monarchie. Dagegen verstarben die mit Maria Anna gezeugten Kinder entweder kurz nach der Geburt oder kamen tot zur Welt. Charles II of Spain was born November 6, 1661 and became king in 1665 at the tender young age of four. Pero su único hijo varón, el príncipe Baltasar Carlos, murió en 1646. His next wife ruled the nation in the name of Charles. People had started to believe that their king was bewitched and he was exorcised to rid him of his demons. Während seiner Amtszeit gelang die Stabilisierung des Finanzwesens durch eine drastische Geldentwertung und eine Neuordnung des Steuerwesens. http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_II._%28Spanien%29. The impact of such inbreeding had its effect on Charles II. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 9. Monarch of Spain. Nach neunjähriger Ehe war nur die Tochter Margarita María noch am Leben, die später ähnlich wie ihre Mutter mit ihrem Onkel (Leopold I.) Charles was the only child born to Philip IV. Ante la falta de sucesor la reina llegó a realizar peregrinaciones y a venerar reliquias sagradas. His parents were Charles I, who ruled the three kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and Henrietta Maria, the sister of the French king Louis XIII.Charles was their second child. Perd la guerre de Hollande face à la France et cède le comté de Bourgogne à Louis XIV. With him ended the influence and dominion of the Habsburg dynasty in the Iberian peninsula and in the overseas territories. Charles II was born on November 6, 1661, in Madrid, to Philip IV of Spain and his second wife, Mariana of Austria, who were uncle and niece. With the intention of putting an end to both the wars, major treaties were signed. He left a will, according to which Charles was supposed to be a major at 14. Casamento em pessoa com Maria Ana: na "iglesia del Convento de San Diego, dentro del conjunto del Palacio Real de Valladolid"; data: ou em 4 de maio. Aunque en los últimos años de su reinado el Rey decidió gobernar personalmente, su manifiesta incapacidad puso el ejercicio del poder en manos de su esposa, la reina Mariana de Neoburgo, aconsejada por el arzobispo de Toledo, el cardenal Luis Fernández de Portocarrero. Carlos II, último de los Habsburgo españoles, falleció el 1 de noviembre de 1700, a los 38 años, aunque aparentaba una mayor edad. It is likely that Charles was impotent, and no children were born. Parece ser que los sucesivos matrimonios consanguíneos de la familia real produjeron tal degeneración que Carlos creció raquítico, enfermizo (con frecuencia era atacado por violentas fiebres que lo postraban en cama; apenas subía en su carruaje, los vómitos lo obligaban a desistir del viaje, y cuando estaba al aire libre, le supuraban los ojos) y de corta inteligencia, además de estéril, lo que acarreó un grave conflicto sucesorio, al morir sin descendencia y extinguirse así la rama española de los Austrias. ...e Marie Catalane de Habsbourg, Marguerite Marie Catalane de Habsbourg, Marie Eugénie de Habsbourg, Marie Eugénie de Habsbourg, Isabella T... Marie Louise de Bourbon-Orléans, Marie-Anne de Baviere, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid, Spain, Norwegian: Karl II av Spania, rey de España, Spanish: Rey Carlos II de España, rey de España, War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714), Mariana de Austria, Reina consorte de España, Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, Maria Ambrosia de la Concepcion Infanta of Spain, Felipe Próspero de Habsburgo, Infante de Espagña, Príncipe de Asturias, Fernando Tomás Carlos de Habsburgo, Infante de Espagña, Margarita María Catalina, Infanta de España, Baltasar Carlos de España, Príncipe de Asturias, Fransisco Ferdinand de Habsburgo, Infante de Espagña, Marie-Thérèse d'Espagne, reine consorte de France, Alonso Enríquez de Guzmán y Orozco, Obispo de Osma, Plasencia y Málaga, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_II_of_Spain, Birth of Charles II the bewitched, King of Spain, Death of Charles II the bewitched, King of Spain. Their first son was born about a year before Charles, but died within a day. Der damals 42-jährige Philipp IV. Charles was born in the Spanish capital, Madrid, the son of Philip IV of Spain and his second wife, Mariana of Austria (also known as Maria Anna). Brother of Margarita Teresa von Habsburg, Kaiserin des Heiligen Römischen Reiches; Elizabeth Charlotte; Maria Ambrosia de la Concepcion Infanta of Spain; Felipe Próspero de Habsburgo, Infante de Espagña, Príncipe de Asturias; … Although his marriage to Catherine of Braganza was childless, Charles II had many illegitimate children by various mistresses:-. He went bald at the age of 35, a few years before he died. Thus, Empress Maria Anna was simultaneously his aunt and grandmother. El padre Nithard se ganó muchas enemistades entre la sociedad, lo que llevó a Juan José de Austria - hijo natural de Felipe IV - a preparar una conspiración contra el valido. He also had a lot of mental deficiencies, and his childhood was full of physical diseases that only got worse with time. Charles’s autopsy revealed that he was impotent and had a single testicle. Charles II became King of Spain … Charles descended from Joanna a total of 14 times — twice as a great-great-great grandson, and 12 times further. Die Regentschaft übernahm bis zur Volljährigkeit Karls im Jahr 1675 zunächst seine Mutter. When Charles II ascended to the throne, he was faced with the Portuguese Restoration War and the War of Devolution with France. Throughout his life, he could not speak properly due to his over-sized tongue. De vez en cuando da señales de inteligencia, de memoria y de cierta vivacidad, pero no ahora; por lo común tiene un aspecto lento e indiferente, torpe e indolente, pareciendo estupefacto. As the only surviving male heir of his father's two marriages, Charles was named Prince of Asturias, the title given to the person first in line to the Spanish throne. He was treated as virtually an infant in arms until he was ten years old. According to his will, Louis XIV's grandson, Philip of Anjou, was crowned the king of Spain on November 16, 1700. The ‘Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle’ was signed with France in 1668 and the ‘Treaty of Lisbon’ restored the Crown of Portugal, ending the war with the Portuguese empire. Beraten wurde sie bis 1669 vor allem durch den österreichischen Jesuiten Johann Eberhard Graf Neidhardt. During Charles' reign, the decline of Spanish power and prestige that had begun due to the policies of Count-Duke of Olivares was accelerated. Su sobrenombre le venía de la atribución de su lamentable estado físico a la brujería e influencias diabólicas. zunächst den bayerischen Kurprinzen Joseph Ferdinand, den Enkel seiner Schwester, als Erben ein. Maria Anna traf erst im Herbst 1649 in Madrid ein, so dass sie bei der Vermählung 15 Jahre alt war. The government experienced some growth after this, but unfortunately, Juan died in 1679. Charles II, byname Charles the Bald, French Charles le Chauve, German Karl der Kahle, (born June 13, 823—died Oct. 6, 877, Brides-les-Bain, France), king of France (i.e., Francia Occidentalis, the West Frankish kingdom) from 843 to 877 and Western emperor from 875 to 877. During her time in Spain, she spent her days weeping. Regencia de Mariana de Austria (1665 a 1675). als auch Kaiser Leopold I., beide mit Schwestern Karls verheiratet, Ansprüche auf den spanischen Thron stellten, brach der Spanische Erbfolgekrieg aus. The House of Bourbon, founded by Philip V, has intermittently occupied the Spanish throne ever since, and sits today on the throne of Spain in the person of Felipe VI of Spain (since June 19, 2014). Charles married Maria Anna of Neuburg, daughter of Philip William, in August 1989, 6 months after the death of his first wife. Unten ), charles ii of spain siblings Philipp III was faced with the intention of an... 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