I've touched on many subjects about Horner / Horn African (Somali, Ḥabesha, Agaw, Oromo, Ari etc.) Semitic Branch. The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.The ethnolinguistic groups include various Afroasiatic, Khoisan, Niger-Congo and Nilo-Saharan populations. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The idea that Semitic languages derived from one original language (by German philologists sometimes called Ursemitisch or proto‑Semitic, and that the peoples speaking these languages were descended from one people, exercised considerable influence and … 2 All these branches, except Semitic, are found only in Africa. It originated as the language of the Hausa people in northern Nigeria and southern Niger, and soon spread as the lingua franca of western Africa due to trade. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes. Source: From Babylon To Timbuktu One of the biggest deceptions about the “lost tribes” is that they migrated into the world and mixed into the nations. 1 Amharic, Tigre and Tigrinya are used exclusively in black Africa. AncestryDNA's six new ethnicity regions of West Africa include Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast/Ghana, Benin/Togo, Nigeria, and Cameroon/Congo, each of which has a … They are primarily farmers residing in north central areas of Ethiopia. The idea that Semitic languages derived from one original language (by German philologists sometimes called Ursemitisch or proto‑Semitic, and that the peoples speaking these languages were descended from one people, exercised considerable influence and … Some say they came from Ethiopia, while others say Southern Arabia. Organisers of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement say their protest against Israel’s policies towards the Palestinians is modelled on the campaign to end apartheid in South Africa. Western Semitic / Phoenician Head of the pantheon. Aramaic is a Semitic language.It has been written for 3100 years and has been spoken for longer than that.. Semitic languages predominate in North Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East (Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, the Syro-Palestinian region). The Semitic branch belongs to the Afroasiatic languages, a family native to the Middle East, Arabian Peninsula, parts of Anatolia, North Africa, Malta, Canary Islands and then spread to the Horn of Africa by the eighth century BC, which then later spread further to parts of West Africa (Hausa). Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. The East Semitic languages consist of the extinct Eblaite and Akkadian languages, while the remaining majority of Semitic languages form the West Semitic languages grouping. The modern times refer to the general name of the Semitic language group in the Semitic language family in North Africa and West Asia. The Arabic language is the defining feature of an individual Arab. A developing consensus among scholars suggest that perhaps as early as 12,000-10,000BC, African proto-Cushitic speakers migrated from Ethiopia/Central Africa spreading out into the rest of Africa and the Near East. … Some Semiticists continue to argue for the older classification, based on the distinctive feature of broken plurals. The grouping, supported by semiticists like Robert Hetzron and John Huehnergard, divides the Semitic language family into two branches: Eastern and Western. Egypt is just west of the Red Sea and Mesopotamia is so to the Persian Gulf. Aramaic is the language of long parts of the two Bible books of Daniel and Ezra.It is the language of the Jewish Talmud.. proof that the Western Semitic people, the Canaanites, also came from the north in the 4-3 millennia BC. Select Edition Pacific South Asia East and South East Asia Europe and Central Asia Central Africa East Africa Southern Africa West Africa Middle East and North Africa North America Latin America and Caribbean Significant minorities of Semitic speakers exist in Iran and Turkey, in western Europe and North America. The material studied will span from the earliest texts to the rise of Islam. The Israeli state and its supporters frequently accuse its critics of being motivated by antisemitism, and although they usually concede that it is not inherently antisemitic to criticize the country, recent controversies have proven that it is quite difficult to draw precisely where the line begins and ends. The West Semitic languages are a large branch of Semitic languages. The Amharic language uses similar words and structure to Hebrew and other Semitic languages. Introduction: Hamito-Semitic languages are a family of languages spoken by more than 200 million people in N Africa; much of the Sahara; parts of East, Central, West Africa; and W Asia (especially the Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Israel). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Semitic branch is the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Since 2000, certain events in Israel, Gaza and the occupied territories have repeatedly provoked reactions in Western Europe, including anti-Semitic incidents." Using unique proprietary DNA samples and a variety of statistical approaches, our science team has been able to separate West Africa into six separate population groups based on genetic data. DNA Ancient Egypt Pharoah’s. Distribution. It begins to emerge into the annals of written history about the middle of the nineteenth century B.C. Mesopotamia, the western coast of the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa have all been proposed as possible sites for the prehistoric origins of Semitic-speaking peoples, but no location has been definitively established. Some claim … The ancient Semitic strand has now narrowed and focused more firmly on Arab and Islamic influences; the ancient Greco-Roman It is the only branch of Semitic languages with languages still spoken. Alice Faber, "Genetic Subgrouping of the Semitic Languages", in Hetzron, ed., 2013, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 18:38. The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating from the Middle East. Semite, member of a people speaking any of a group of related languages presumably derived from a common language, Semitic (see Semitic languages). Semitic languages predominate in North Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East (Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, the Syro-Palestinian region). It is spoken mainly in northern Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Sudan, Togo and … She reported on the curious use of the "Seal of Solomon" as a standard pattern in ancient fabrics woven in West Africa. Easily forgotten is the fact that Hebrew is NOT a European language. The former consists of the extinct Eblaite and Akkadian languages, the latter of the majority of Semitic languages. They insist that for there to be peace in the Middle East, Palestinians, Arabs and Muslims must become, like the West, anti-Semites by espousing Zionism and recognising Israel’s anti-Semitic claims. Anti-Semitic attitudes have also strengthened in Poland, South Africa and Ukraine since 2015, U.S. watchdog finds; Sweden fared best in annual poll, with only 4 percent of respondents holding anti-Semitic beliefs West Semitic brought forth such languages as Canaanite, Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic (EL, p.906). adjaye associates, the architecture firm led by sir david adjaye, has shared its preliminary design for the new edo museum of west african art (EMOWAA). The African landscape is dotted with the remnants of walled enclosures of various dimensions in Southern Africa and West Africa. During World War I, South Africa launched a military campaign and occupied the German colony of South West Africa, current day Namibia. “Semitic” Languages. A reasonable body of sources for the writing of western African history begins to be available about 1000 ce. However, Hetzron and Huehnergard connect it more closely with the Northwest Semitic languages, to form Central Semitic. Hence, it sometimes happens that countries with lower levels of anti-Semitic attitudes than South Africa may still experience violence. Mesopotamia, the western coast of the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Horn of Africa have all been proposed as possible sites for the prehistoric origins of Semitic-speaking … After the 3rd century B.C.E., a process of cross-fertilization among the ancient Egyptians, Nubians, and Aksumites of Africa; their Mediterranean neighbors in Greece; and the Semitic peoples of Western Asia ushered in one of the most dynamic eras of scientific discovery the world has yet known. The letter was written by a group of faith leaders from historically African American and South African churches, all of whom had just taken a trip … The grouping,[5] supported by Semiticists like Robert Hetzron and John Huehnergard, divides the Semitic language family into two branches: Eastern and Western. The Semitic languages include Aramaic, Hebrew, Arabic and many other languages. South Semitic is a putative branch of the Semitic languages.Semitic itself is a branch of the larger Afro-Asiatic language family found in (North and East) Africa and Western Asia. The original homeland of all ancient Semitic peoples, including Hebrews, was not northern Arabia, as is currently believed, but northwestern Mesopotamia. Linguists do not agree on where South Semitic languages come from. Hebrew is a Semitic language. In historic times all Western Asia (see below), with the exception of the peninsula of Asia Minor, was Semitic. In Mesopotamia they blended with the civilization of Sumer. Contemporary Africa's Triple Heritage of indigenous, Islamic, and Western legacies is just the modern culmination of a much older Triple Heritage-the heritage of indigenous, Semitic, and Greco-Roman influences on Africa. Sweden, for example, has experienced repeated arson attacks against synagogues even though only four percent of the population was found to harbor anti-Semitic … Arabs consider about 22 countries through the Middle East and Africa home. The Afroasiatic family (Afro-Asiatic), also known as Afrasian and traditionally as Hamito-Semitic (Chamito-Semitic), is a large language family of about 300 languages and dialects. The South Semitic languages are a branch of Semitic languages.They are mainly spoken in East Africa and Southern Arabia. During World War I, South Africa launched a military campaign and occupied the German colony of South West Africa, current day Namibia. This article was most recently revised and updated by. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, Hebrews, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes. The unity of the Semites: Semet (Sem) is the Western name for the nomadic people from Syria to the Arabian Peninsula. Back-to-Africa Gene Flow in Eastern Africa A major open question concerns the initial source of the west Eurasian ancestry in eastern Africa. A historical account from the 1700’s describes the connection between West Africans and the Israelites. Poland, South Africa, Ukraine and Hungary Top List of Most anti-Semitic Countries, Says ADL Survey . [citation needed], The Semitic Languages: An International Handbook, Chapter V, "The subgrouping of the Semitic languages", Die semitischen Volker und Sprachen als erster Versuch einer Encyclopadie der semitischen Sprach- und Alterthums-Wissenschaft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Semitic_languages&oldid=987541659, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. I made a post about this a month or two ago regarding this issue. The impact of Judaic influence led to the conversion to Judaism by a number of ruling families in Ghana, notably among the Peuhl, Foulani, Mossi, Fanti and Soughay tribes. Corrections? The irrigation terraces of Gwoza and Yil Ngas, Nigeria, and the earthworks of Benin are major testimonies to the engineering activities of ancient West Africans. By 1100 it was the strongest power in western Asia; and at various periods after that it held the hegemony. Significant minorities of Semitic speakers exist in Iran and Turkey, in western Europe and North America. Semite, member of a people speaking any of a group of related languages presumably derived from a common language, Semitic ( see Semitic languages ). Afro-Asiatic languages, also called Afrasian languages, formerly Hamito-Semitic, Semito-Hamitic, or Erythraean languages, languages of common origin found in the northern part of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and some islands and adjacent areas in Western Asia. The West Semitic languages are a proposed major sub-grouping of Semitic languages.One widely accepted analysis, supported by semiticists like Robert Hetzron and John Huehnergard, divides the Semitic language family into two branches: Eastern and Western. Consequently, Ethiopia (Africa) should be the original homeland of all Hamito-Semitic languages. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... During the 2nd millennium bce, various Semitic peoples at the eastern end of the Mediterranean were experimenting with alphabetic... …language—are, apart from the Sumerians, Semitic peoples (Akkadians or pre-Akkadians) and Subarians (identical with, or near relatives of, the Hurrians, who appear in northern Mesopotamia around the end of the 3rd millennium. Assyria was a Semitic colony, or a series of colonies, from Babylonia. It includes languages spoken predominantly in West Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and parts of the Sahel. Afroasiatic has 5 branches -- Kushitic, Egyptian, Berber, Chadic, and Semitic. In addition, the Canaanites’ predecessors – the bearers of the so-called Ghassulian culture, which appeared in Palestine approximately 4,000 years BC, were most likely also Western Semites who had come to Canaan from the north as well.9 The term Semites is applied to a group of peoples closely related in language, whose habitat is Asia and partly Africa. The spread of Arabic into North Africa is a much later phenomenon. Semitic languages constitute a the most populous branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Arab Muslim expansion is also responsible for modern Arabic's presence from Mauritania, on the Atlantic coast of West Africa, to the Red Sea in the northeastern corner of Africa, and its reach south along the Nile River through traditionally non-Semitic territory, as far as the northern half of Sudan, where, as the national language, non-Arab Sudanese even farther south must learn it. It is the second most spoken Semitic language in the world after Arabic, and is also the language of over 2 million Ethiopians living outside of the country. This new study confirms everything that Afrocentrists deny about Caucasoid admixture in East (and South) Africa. ... Much of the central and western Africa states form part of Francophone Africa, including Morocco, Mauritania, Rwanda, Comoros and Djibouti. This account is from an African man from the Igbo tribe of Nigeria, named Oludah Equiano. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The proper classification of Arabic with respect to other Semitic languages is debated. There are two branches of South Semitic languages. Ethiopic and South Arabian show particular common features, and are often grouped together as South Semitic. It includes monographs, collections of essays, and text editions informed by the approaches of linguistic science. This account is from an African man from the Igbo tribe of Nigeria, named Oludah Equiano. By 2500 bce Semitic-speaking peoples had become widely dispersed throughout western Asia. “Semitic” Languages. The Amhara, in Ethiopia, are classified as Semitic because of their language and Arabian origins. The modern times refer to the general name of the Semitic language group in the Semitic language family in North Africa and West Asia. Probably originated in Canaanite culture as a god of Rain and vegetation , but became extensively revered in places as far apart as Cyprus and Carthage. The Arabian Peninsula has the Red Sea to its west and Persian Gulf to its east. The series Linguistic Studies in Ancient West Semitic is devoted to the ancient West Semitic languages, including Hebrew, Aramaic, Ugaritic, and their near congeners. imperfect.) Some linguists also argue that Eteocypriot was a Northwest Semitic language spoken in ancient Cyprus. The Semitic languages are spoken in a wide area, including the Middle East, North Africa, and the Horn of Africa. Arabic with respect to other Semitic languages, the latter of the Semitic language in. The Israelites consider about 22 countries through the Middle East, North Africa, the latter of the Afro-Asiatic family! Gene Flow in Eastern Africa agree on where South Semitic languages most recently revised and updated by Mesopotamia is to! 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